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Longitudinal Study of the Natural History of Duchenne Muscular Dystrophy (DMD)
study id #: NCT00468832
condition: Duchenne Muscular Dystrophy
The purpose of this study is to establish the largest long-term assessment of people with Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD). In this study, the investigators associated with the Cooperative International Neuromuscular Research Group CINRG) will take a detailed look (for a minimum of eight years) at DMD participant’s physical abilities, the medical problems they experience, and how they use health care services. Physical abilities will be compared to a group of healthy controls. The second purpose of this study is to find out whether small, normal differences in the genetic makeup of people with DMD (called “single nucleotide polymorphisms” or “SNPs”) affect how their disease progresses and relates to muscle strength/size and steroid response. The third purpose of this study is to study genetic variations associated with DMD. The final purpose of this study is to determine whether certain biomarkers are present in people with DMD and not in healthy controls.
mechanism of action: No pharmaceutical intervention
last updated: December 03, 2019
start date: December 2005
estimated completion: December 2019
size / enrollment: 551
Phenotyping Study: Aim
Aim 1: Longitudinally assess body function and body structure (impairment) through the measurement of anthropometrics, muscle strength and pulmonary function in subjects with DMD through the multicenter CINRG network.
Aim 2: Longitudinally assess activity limitations in subjects with DMD through CINRG with timed motor performance, burden of care, and functional status.
Aim 3: Longitudinally assess secondary conditions in subjects with DMD, and relative risks of developing those conditions based on exposure to preventive interventions.
Aim 4: Longitudinally assess participation, life satisfaction, service utilization and health-related quality of life in subjects with DMD.
Aim 5: Determine appropriate outcome measurements for impairment, activities (activity limitations), participation and quality of life to determine the effect of prednisone and other therapeutic interventions on these factors.
Aim 6: Using the most robust impairment, activity, participation and quality of life outcome measures, determine the sample size, power and statistical methods for the analysis of the effect size for future planned randomized-controlled rehabilitation interventions in DMD.
Aim 7: Examine the associations between interventions and incidence and severity of secondary conditions, achievement of disease milestones and measures of motor function and mobility.
Aim 8: To assess the validity and responsiveness of novel clinical outcome measures in DMD, including the 6-minute walk test (6MWT), the 9-hole peg test (9-HPT) Egen Klassification Scale(EK), the North Star Ambulatory Assessment (NSAA), and quantitative key and pinch grip strength testing.
Aim 9: To assess the reliability, validity and responsiveness of novel patient-reported outcome(PRO) measures in DMD, including the NeuroQOL and PedsQL Neuromuscular Module.
Aim 10: To assess the clinical meaningfulness of novel objective clinical outcome measures by assessing their ability to predict milestones of loss of ability to stand from supine, to stand from a seated position, to climb stairs, to ambulate independently and to raise a hand to the mouth.
AIM 11: To determine the impact of development and growth on outcome measure performance, we will assess physical function on a group of healthy, typically developing male children and adults between 6 and 30 years of age for outcome measures of motor function and strength including the9-HPT, 6MWT, NSAA, timed function tests and quantitative muscle strength (QMT). Test results from this cohort will be used to develop initial percent predicted for age values for these assessments.
SNP Genotyping Study: Aim
Our goal of the proposed study is to define polygenic modifiers of disease progression, and also response to treatment with glucocorticoids (prednisone and deflazacort). The most common type of human genetic variation is the single-nucleotide polymorphism (SNP, a base position at which two alternative bases occur at an appreciable frequency (>1%) in the population. SNPs are 90% of variation in the human genome. SNPs occur on the average of 1 per 1000 to 2000 bp throughout the 3.2 billion bp of the human genome while coding region SNPs (cSNPs) occur on the average of 1 per 346 bp.
Genome-wide Association Study: Aim
Our goal of the proposed study is to isolate genomic DNA and find possible correlations of clinical phenotypes with gene loci associated with mild vs. severe clinical presentation, progression, or response to steroids.
Serum Biomarkers Study: Aim
Our goal is to discover and validate sensitive and specific serum biomarkers for DMD.
- Strength and function [Time Frame: Collected at yearly visits]
These assessments include:
Quantitative muscle testing
Manual muscle testing
Pulmonary function testing
Functional evaluations (nine hole peg, six minute walk, North Star ambulatory assessment, Brooke and Vignos scales, Egen Klassification (EK) scale, and range of motion).
- Quality of life [Time Frame: Collected at yearly visits]
These questionnaires include:
Pediatric Quality of Life Inventory (PedsQL)
Pediatric Orthopaedic Functional Health Questionnaire of the Pediatric Orthopaedic Society of North America (POSNA)
World Health Organization Quality of Life Assessment - Brief (WHO QOL Brief)
Pediatrics and Adult Neuromuscular module Quality of Life (NeuroQOL)
Review of Systems
- Medical history assessment [Time Frame: Collected at yearly visits]
Outcomes on ambulation status, medication history, hospitalizations, surgeries, nutrition, fractures, and cardiac tests.
- Biomarkers and genetic modifiers [Time Frame: Collected either once at any visit or each visit]
Genotyping and Serum Biomarkers include blood/saliva collection for:
• Blood collection for Genome Wide Association Study (GWAS) analysis (one time sample, any visit)
• Blood or saliva collection for SNP sample (one time sample, any visit)
• Blood collection for biomarker analysis (collected at each visit)
DMD Subject Inclusion Criteria:
• Affected subjects must be male and between the ages of 2 and 30 • Affected subjects between the ages of 2 and 4 must have a diagnosis of DMD confirmed by at least one the following OR have an older male sibling that meet at least one of the following criteria:
Dystrophin immunofluorescence and/or immunoblot showing complete dystrophin deficiency, and clinical picture consistent with typical Duchenne dystrophy, or
Gene deletion test positive (missing one or more exons) in the central rod domain exons 25-60) of dystrophin, where reading frame can be predicted as 'out-of-frame',and clinical picture consistent with typical Duchenne dystrophy.
Complete dystrophin gene sequencing showing an alteration (point mutation, duplication, other) that is expected to preclude production of the dystrophin protein(i.e. nonsense mutation, deletion/duplication leading to a downstream stop codon),with a typical clinical picture of DMD.
• Affected subjects between the ages of 5 and 30 must either fulfill the above criteria OR show evidence of a dystrophinopathy and clinical picture consistent with Duchenne Muscular Dystrophy
• Participants who have documented clinical symptoms referable to a dystrophinopathy and direct support of the diagnosis by either (1) a positive DNA analysis for dystrophin mutation, (2) a muscle biopsy demonstrating abnormal dystrophin, or (3) an elevated CK (>5X normal), and X-linked pedigree and an affected family member who meets either criterion (1) or (2) as described above.
DMD Serum Biomarker Inclusion Criteria:
• Participants must meet eligibility criteria for the DMD phenotyping portion of this study
• For the GC-treatment response cohort, participants must initiate GC treatment within the first year of study participation (i.e. between their first study visit and their one year follow-up visit)
Controls Subject Inclusion Criteria:
• Male sex
• Age 6-30 years
• Able to comply with functional testing instructions
Control Serum Biomarker Inclusion criteria:
• Participants must be male
• Participants must be free of DMD, other neuromuscular disease, or other significant concomitant illness
• Participant must be free of glucocorticoid therapy
DMD Subject Exclusion Criteria:
For those subjects that confirm DMD diagnosis through a clinical picture consistent with DMD
• Steroid-naïve subjects ambulating past the 13th birthday
• Steroid users ambulating past the 16th birthday
• Subjects/families who are unwilling or unable to comply with the protocol study procedures or visits
Control Subject Exclusion Criteria:
• Musculoskeletal disease
• Musculoskeletal injury within 6 months of enrollment
• Other concomitant illness that precludes functional testing in the judgment of the investigator or clinical evaluator
• Completion of enrollment for age cohort
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