source: Neurological Sciences : Official Journal of the Italian Neurological Society
Messina S, Vita GL
Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD) is a devastating, progressive neuromuscular disorder for which there is no cure. As the dystrophin gene is located on the X chromosome, DMD occurs predominately in males. DMD is caused by a lack of functional dystrophin protein resulting from mutations in the 2.2-Mb DMD gene, which disrupts the reading frame. Care considerations for DMD advocate a coordinated, multidisciplinary approach to the management of DMD in order to optimize management of the primary manifestations of DMD as well as any secondary complications that may arise.
This review provides an overview of the multidisciplinary clinical management of DMD with regard to the respiratory, cardiology, orthopedic, and nutritional needs of patients with DMD. Recent advances in novel disease-modifying treatments for DMD are also discussed with specific reference to exon skipping and suppression of premature stop codons as promising genetic therapies.
The combination of multidisciplinary clinical management alongside novel gene therapies offers physicians a powerful armamentarium for the treatment of DMD.
University of Messina, Italy; University Hospital "G. Martino", Italy; AOU Policlinico "G. Martino", Building E, Italy
10.1007/s10072-018-3555-3 read more