source: Respiratory medicine
Boussaïd G, Lofaso F, Santos DB, Vaugier I, Pottier S, Prigent H, Bahrami S, Orlikowski D
Many patients with DMD undergo tracheostomy. Tracheostomy is associated with certain complications, however its effect on prognosis is not known.
The relationship between type of mechanical ventilation and survival at 12 years was evaluated in a prospective cohort of patients with Duchenne muscular dystrophy followed in a French reference center for Neuromuscular Diseases. Cox proportional-hazards regressions were used to estimate the hazard ratios associated with risk of switching from non-invasive to invasive ventilation, and with risk of death.
One hundred and fifty patients were included. Initial use of invasive ventilation was associated with an episode of acute respiratory failure (p < 0.0001) and with a severe clinical status (p < 0.05). Risk of death was associated with swallowing disorders (2.51, IC [1.12-5.66], p < 0.03) and cardiac failure (p < 0.05) but not with type of mechanical ventilation.
Switching to invasive ventilation is appropriate when non-invasive ventilation is ineffective.
Université de Versailles Saint Quentin en Yvelines, France; Hôpital Raymond Poincaré, France
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