Muscular Dystrophy in Children: Care Instructions | DuchenneXchange

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Patient Education

Muscular Dystrophy in Children: Care Instructions

key information

source: Government of Alberta


Finding out that your child has muscular dystrophy (MD) can be upsetting. You may be worried about your child’s future. But many people with this disease live an active life.

There are several types of muscular dystrophy. Each type affects the body differently. Some types show up early, and others show up later. But all types are caused by inherited genes that weaken muscles. Your child’s doctor may do tests to know what type your child has. These include genetic tests and a biopsy of your child’s muscles.


There are three common types of muscular dystrophy:

-Duchenne muscular dystrophy mostly affects boys starting at age 3 to 5.

-Facioscapulohumeral MD affects boys and girls in their teen years.

-Myotonic MD can appear at any age in boys or girls and usually develops slowly.


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