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Patient Education

Muscular Dystrophy UK – Glossary

key information

source: Muscular Dystrophy UK


A chemical substance which helps to transmit a signal from the nerve to the muscle causing it to contract.

Acetylcholine receptors (AChRs)
Proteins found in the membrane surrounding the muscle cell to which acetylcholine binds.

Adeno-associated virus (AAV)
AAV (Adeno-Associated Virus) is a small virus, which infects humans and some other primate species. AAV is not currently known to cause disease and causes a very mild immune response. These features make AAV a very attractive vehicle for delivering genes into cells (gene therapy).

Amino acids
The ‘building blocks’ of proteins. The sequence of amino acids determines the shape, properties and role of the protein.


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